The website for American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons contains over 400 articles about fractures, sports injuries, joint replacement and other orthopaedic topics written specially for patients and families.  We recommend this reading to help you understand more about your body, and the orthopedic procedures performed by the experienced physicians at Pinehurst Orthopedic Group, P.A.

Total Hip & Knee Replacements

While total joint replacement can be performed on a variety of joints in the body, including the ankle, shoulder, fingers, and elbow, the most common joint replacement relates to hip, knee and shoulder replacement. 

Joint replacement surgery is a specialty unto itself. Because infection involving the bone can be disastrous, the operating suite must be set up for joint replacement to lessen risk of bone infection during the surgery. Joint replacement surgery is best performed by specialists who are board-certified orthopaedic surgeons. This training enables the physician to include non-surgical treatment options to relieve joint pain, or use less invasive surgeries that can relieve joint pain symptoms and restore motion. When all those options have been exhausted, then the joint replacement surgeon will consider and advise complete replacement of the damaged joint with an artificial joint implant.

Arthroscopic Surgery

Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic surgery) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision.

Cartilage Transplants
Arthroscopic Surgery

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure orthopaedic surgeons use to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint.

The word arthroscopy comes from two Greek words, "arthro" (joint) and "skopein" (to look). The term literally means "to look within the joint."

In an arthroscopic examination, an orthopaedic surgeon makes a small incision in the patient's skin and then inserts pencil-sized instruments that contain a small lens and lighting system to magnify and illuminate the structures inside the joint. Light is transmitted through fiber optics to the end of the arthroscope that is inserted into the joint.

By attaching the arthroscope to a miniature television camera, the surgeon is able to see the interior of the joint through this very small incision rather than a large incision needed for surgery.

The television camera attached to the arthroscope displays the image of the joint on a television screen, allowing the surgeon to look, for example, throughout the knee. This lets the surgeon see the cartilage, ligaments, and under the kneecap. The surgeon can determine the amount or type of injury and then repair or correct the problem, if it is necessary.

Intra-Articular Injections
  • Cortisone
  • Synvisc One
  • Fracture Treatments